Bed bugs cannot live inside a mattress unless there are holes in the outside of the mattress. The bodies of insects, including small larvae, are much larger than the pores in the fabric. Because of this, they cannot get inside the mattress unless it is torn anywhere. In this case, they can only live on the outside. At the same time, people who constantly suffer from bed bug bites think that they live exactly in the mattress, because when they inspect their bed during the day, they cannot find the parasites.
In reality, bed bugs hide not only in beds, but also in many other places, and finding them there can be extremely difficult. Because of this, you have to treat not only the mattress and the bed, but the entire room. On the other hand, it’s a good thing that bed bugs can’t get into an entire mattress. If they lived in it, it would be almost impossible to get them out.
Obviously, such a bedbug would not be able to get inside a mattress.
This is an adult, whose body length is much greater than the size of the pores in the fabric. The body size of larvae of all ages is also too large for them to fit through a whole fabric into a mattress. In general, there is no way that bed bugs or their larvae can penetrate a mattress through fabric.
They can only get inside a mattress if there are holes in it. In this case they will definitely use the opportunity. If this happens, there are several ways to get rid of the parasites. For example, in winter the mattress can be put outside for 2-3 days, when the temperature there will be about -18-20 degrees or lower. In summer it can be left in a car placed in the sun. There it will warm up a lot, which will lead to the death of the insects. Also it can be warmed with a steam generator or a heater.
It should be taken into account that with such methods it will be possible to kill only those parasites that live in the mattress. Many people, having treated it, are surprised why someone bites them again at night. In fact, there is nothing surprising about this. Almost always, bed bugs live not only in the torn mattress, bed and couch, but also in other places throughout the apartment or house. To get rid of bed bugs, most often you have to treat the entire room.
WHY DOES IT SEEM THAT BEDBUGS ONLY LIVE IN THE MATTRESS?
Bed bugs mostly bite only at night. During the day and in the light, they only dare to do so when they are very hungry. In places where people live, this is extremely rare. Every night, bed bugs have an opportunity to escape unnoticed from their hiding places and bite someone who is asleep. Because of this, the tenants have the impression that the parasites live in the mattress, because they bite them only during sleep. At other times, sitting on chairs or armchairs, they parasites are not noticed. This is explained by the fact that in the light they simply do not leave their hiding places and, accordingly, they are not seen by anyone. However, this does not mean that they only live in the mattress or couch.
It is also safe to say that bed bugs cannot be inside a newly purchased new mattress at Ikea, Ascona or elsewhere. If it seems that after buying it, you began to be bitten by bed bugs, it is more likely that the moment of their entry into the apartment simply coincided with the purchase. And certainly, bed bugs cannot live in an inflatable latex mattress. This is obvious, because even the air does not escape from it, accordingly, the parasites will not be able to get out, as well as to penetrate it. Assumptions that the insects live in mattresses specifically come from the fact that they bite people at night and not during the day.
In general, bed bugs can live anywhere, and it’s not at all a problem for them to get out at night from under the baseboard or from the appliances and get to the bed where you sleep. Wherever you find traces of parasites, if they are already in the room, they are most likely hiding in many different places. They also create their colonies in places where it is difficult for humans to reach them. Finding such places can be very difficult. In addition, if it is very difficult to get to, then there is a high probability that this is where the parasites live during the day.
WHERE TO LOOK FOR BED BUGS INDOORS?
The search for nests can start with the mattress. To do this, lift it off the bed and then carefully inspect all of the fabric and its seams. You can see bed bugs and their eggs on them, and you can find blood stains on the fabric, which remain if a person accidentally crushes a fed bedbug during the night. The bed slats on which the mattress was lying should also be examined. They may have remains of the bed bugs’ chitinous coatings, as well as their excrement, which looks like small black dots. Eggs and larvae of the parasites may also be there. Most likely, if bed bugs have been around for a long time, a bed inspection will reveal all of these signs.
Then you should unroll the bed and pay attention to the joints of wooden structures. Many people are greatly surprised to find bed bugs there. They believe that the insects can not get into such small cracks and therefore decide that they climbed into the mattress. In reality, the opposite is true. They can’t get into a whole mattress, but they feel fine in the cracks.
Continuing the search for nests, it is necessary to move all furniture away from walls and examine its back walls, it is also necessary to look under it. Then you need to remove the baseboards and if possible bend the edge of the linoleum or remove a few laminate boards.
The video below shows the treatment in an apartment in Balashikha, where bed bugs were hiding even under the parquet:
It is necessary to check everything, otherwise it will not be possible to determine where the nests of parasites are and where to start poisoning them.
It is not possible to find out for sure if there are bed bugs in the mattress. The only way to find out is to rip it open and look at the contents. By any external signs it is impossible to detect the presence of parasites inside it. In addition there is no point in carrying out such an examination when buying a new mattress, because they are almost never infested.
It is almost always necessary to treat all the rooms when bed bugs appear in the house. When you call an exterminator, many people are surprised when the specialist finds and shows them bed bugs that are hiding throughout the apartment. If you decide to fight against bed bugs yourself, you must also take this into account. You need to treat with special substances all places, where were found the nests or traces of bugs, as well as possible ways in which they can move. It does not make sense to destroy the parasites in one place only. They may die there, but their other congeners will survive and continue to bite the tenant with no less intensity.
HOW TO KILL BED BUGS IN AND AROUND THE MATTRESS
Bed bugs can be removed from the room in several ways. One of the most common is to treat the apartment with special modern preparations that kill the parasites. This is the fastest, most effective and safe way. But efficient only if you use quality, effective remedies, and safe if you follow all the rules of their application.
We have conducted several experiments and tested the effectiveness of products such as Hector, Get and Executioner. All of them fairly quickly poison the parasites. In particular, if the Executioner comes in direct contact with the body of a bedbug while spraying, it is dead in 8 1/2 minutes. Here’s a video from the test:
If a bedbug runs across a surface that has been sprayed with the product, it is dead in 19 hours. In one of the videos, we showed an experiment where we put bed bugs in a container that had been sprayed with the insecticide a week ago. The parasites were dead after 20 hours.
This information is worth keeping in mind when treating an apartment. For example, if you find bed bugs’ nests and spray them only in these places, they will die, but some of the insects that took shelter somewhere else will survive. You must follow several rules in order for the disinfestation to be effective. First, you must treat the entire room, including places behind baseboards, behind furniture, in cracks and so on. It is also worth spraying the walls to a height of up to half a meter. Of course, the bed and mattress should also be treated with the preparation. Then you can put a clean mattress cover on the mattress and lay a sheet. This will protect you from contact with the insecticide, but bed bugs that survived the treatment will make their way to you over the treated surfaces and poison themselves. As a result, all of the parasites will be dead within a few days.
This is effective even in cases where the mattress is holey and bed bugs do live in it. They will get out and come in contact with the insecticide, some of which is left on the fabric and other surfaces.
Bed bugs can also be exterminated in other ways. For example, you can heat or, as they say, fry the room. This is done by placing a powerful heater in the middle of the room, increasing the temperature to 50-55 degrees and keeping it at this level for one to two hours. In one of the videos we filmed an experiment during which we found out that at a temperature of 55 degrees the bed bugs die in just 10 minutes. Of course, a large cotton, wool, foam or bamboo and filled with coconut shavings, as well as any other orthopedic mattress will not warm up so quickly. It may take an hour or more.
Sometimes they try to iron the mattress with an iron, but this is ineffective. It only heats the top part, while the temperature inside does not rise to the dangerous limit for parasites.
Also, in order to destroy bed bugs in the mattress, you can take it out in the frost. At temperatures below -20-15 degrees it will be necessary to leave it for 1-2 days. Bed bugs are known to die at a temperature of -17 degrees for a day, and at lower temperatures even faster. It is impossible to use such a method to destroy parasites in the whole apartment. If you lower the temperature to this level, the water and heating pipes will start to burst.
If the shell of the mattress is intact, then there are definitely no bed bugs inside and it is enough to treat it from the outside. It can be sprayed with insecticide, paying particular attention to the seams. This is where the parasites often hide.
Our subscribers tell us about other ways to combat bed bugs. For example, some people hid their mattress in an airtight cover with a padlock, and others wrapped it tightly in food film. As a result, the insects could not get out and eventually died. These subscribers also said that they wrapped cling film around the bed legs and other adjoining surfaces. Because of this, the insects that tried to get to the occupants from their other shelters just stuck to the duct tape. We have not tested how effective such methods are, but from a theoretical point of view and according to reviews, they can work too.
That said, keep in mind that putting a mattress in a cover without taping the legs with duct tape makes no sense. The bed bugs that remain under the cover will die, but others will continue to bite you. In addition, they can quickly pick up on the cover and settle in its folds. During disinfestation, experts often find not only individual specimens there, but entire nests.
In some cases, if the mattress is very old, leaky and infested with parasites, it is easier to throw it away and then buy a new one. The new one will definitely not have any insects in it.
The same applies to blankets and pillows. If they are intact, then parasites can’t get inside them. In the hole ones, on the contrary, they are happy to get in. Just like a mattress, sometimes it’s better not to treat them with anything, but just to replace them with new ones.
In general, if you have bed bugs in your home, you need to treat the entire room, not just the mattress and bed.